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初中英语作文提分技巧 发布时间:2019-08-04 19:24:24
初中英语作文提分技巧

英语书信开头的常用句型: 
1. I am very glad/thrilled to receive your letter.
   我非常高兴收到来你的来信 
2. I’m pleased to hear that ………
   我很高兴的听说…….. 
3. I’m writing to thank you for your help /……….(感谢信)
   我写信是要感谢你……
 4.I am writing to tell/inform you that ………..  (通知信)
  我写信是为了告诉/通知你……. 
  1. It has been a long time since we met.(与对方寒暄)
   我们很久没见面了
 6.How are you getting on/along with your new job/lessons?
  你工作/上课怎么样? 
7.I’m writing to apply for…….(求职/申请)
  我写信是为了申请……. 
8.You asked me about…., now let me give you some advice.(回信给建议)
你在来信中询问我关于……的问题,现在,让我给你一些建议.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
英语书信结构词
表示递进的词组:
  1. 第一,第二,第三,最后:first, second, third, finally
2、首先:first of all;to begin with
   此外,而且:in addition ;moreover;then;besides;
              what's more;last but not least;at the same time;
   最后,总之:in short ;at last ;finally;
               in a word;all in all;in the end;
  1. 不但...而且:not only...but also ;both ...and
    更糟糕的是:What’s worse
 
表示转折的词组:
  1. 但是:but;yet;
  2. 然而:however;while;on the contrary ;
  3. 毕竟:after all;
4、虽然,即使:though;even though;even if
5、一方面...另一方面:On the one hand...on the other hand ;
6、相反,而不是:rather than ;instead of;
7、其他表达:unfortunately;to my surprise ;
 
 
 
英语作文主体部分句子通常由表示递进的,转折的,因果的,总结的逻辑词或短语来连接
 
         总结(一般放在句首)
in a word(总之,简言之), in general, in short(总之), above all,generally speaking,  finally, in conclusion,  in summary
 
         
                因果
because, because of, since, for, now that, thanks to, due to(由于)so, thus, therefore, as a result of , so that, so…that..., such…that...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
一、总结(一般放在句首):in a word(总之,简言之), in general, in short(总之), above all,generally speaking,  finally, in conclusion,  in summary
  1. 总之 概括来说:in general, in conclusion,in summary
例句:
(1)People just like to be around enthusiastic people in general.
总体来说,人都比较倾向于与热情的人往来。
(2)In conclusion, I believe that class attendance should not be required for university students. (总之,我认为不应该强制规定大学生上课必须出席。)
  1. 简言之in a word,in short
例句:
(1)In a word, I love my school. I find my school life more and more meaningful and colorful. (总之,我爱我的学校,我发现学校生活越来越有意义和多姿多彩。)
(2)}In short, they affect the quality of your life. (简言之,这些想法影响你生活的质量)
3、一般而言 generally speaking
Generally speaking, life is not easy. (一般来说,生活是不容易的。)
4、首先 尤其是 最重要的是above all
Above all we must be honest about what we do not know. (最重要的是,对于我们不了解的东西我们必须诚实)
 
 
二、因果:because, because of, since, for, now that, thanks to, due to(由于)so, thus, therefore, as a result of , so that, so…that..., such…that...
 
1、因为 because, because of, since,for,
(1)Because of his incompetence, we lost a lot of business.(因为他的能力不足,我们失去很多生意。)
(2)The argument is fallacious, for it is based on a set of factual flaws.(这段论述是谬误的,因为它的基础与事实不符。)
 
2、既然 由于 now that,thanks to, due to,as a result of
(1)Many people are unemployed as a result of the economic slump.(很多人因为经济不景气而失业。)
(2)Thanks to the new technology, these problems have been eliminated.(感谢这个新科技,这些问题都消除了。)
(3)The decline in sales is due to several factors.(销售下降要归咎於若干因素。)
(4)Now that I have something down on paper, I can start designing.
现在既然我已经写了 一些东西,那么就可以开始设计了。
 
 
 
 
3、因此 so, thus, therefore
(1)My watch was slow, so I put it forward three minutes.
我的手表慢了,所以我把它向前拨了三分钟。
(2)Therefore, I recommend against using them.
因此我不推荐使用它们
 
4、所以 so that
Give me their names so that I can call them up and discuss it.
告诉我他们的名字,这样我可以给他们打电话,和他们进行讨论。
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
英语书信结尾的常用句型:
  1. We are waiting for your good news.
  我们等你的好消息I hope to receive your early reply.
  期待早日收到你的回复
  1. We look forward to your reply at your earliest convenience.
  我们期盼今早收到你的回复。
  1. I’m looking forward to learning your school life
  我想了解你的校园生活。
5. Is there anything new in your school?
  你在学校有什么新鲜事吗?
6. Best whishes!  祝福你!
7. I wish you a pleasant journey. 希望你旅途愉快!
8. I wish you a happy new year. 希望你新年快乐!
9. Hope to see you soon!  希望早日见到你!
10. I would be most thankful if you could give me the chance.
   如果您能给我这次机会,我将感激不尽。
 
 
 
 
 
 
常用结束语:在正文下面的一、二行处,从信纸的偏右处开始,第一个词开头要大写,句末用。不同的对象,结束语的写法也不同。署名在结束语正下方。
①业务书信常用:
Yours faithfully,
Faithfully yours,
Yours truly,
Truly yours,
Sincerely yours,
②公函常用:
Yours respectfully,
Respectfully yours,
Yours sincerely,
 
③私人书信常用:
Sincerely yours,
Yours very sincerely,
Yours affectionately,
Yours ever,
④给亲戚朋友的信常用:
Love,
All my love,
Your(ever)loving son/daughter/cousin , etc.
Your affectionate nephew, lovingly,
Lovingly yours,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
范文
随着外国游客日益增多,未来科技馆决定选拔部分中学生在假期为他们提供英语讲解任务。科技馆需要应征者提交英文自荐信,假如你是袁新,你有能力并希望成为一名讲解员,写出三条理由。
Dear sir,
    I’m a junior student from Chongqing Xinhua School. I’d like to become one of your guides.
    Firstly ,I’ve learned English for 6 years. I spend a lot of my free time listening to English news and watching English movies, so I’m good at English. That is to say, it’s not difficult for me to talk with people in English.Secondly ,I have been interested in science since I was a child. My favorite books are on science. Some new ideas often come out of my mind, which has encouraged me a lot. With these ideas, I have made some small inventions to make my life more comfortable.Finally, I feel like making friends with different people, no matter where they come from. I’m sure that I will get along well with them.
    I would be most thankful if you could give me the chance.
    Thank you!
                                                               Yours,
                                                            Yuan Xin


 
 
亲爱的先生,
    我是一名来自重庆新华学校的中学生,我想成为你们的讲解员之一。
    首先,我已经学了6年的英语。我花费了很多的课余时间听英语新闻,看英文电影,所以我非常擅长英文。也就是说,对于我来说,用英文和外国人交流一点都不困难。其次,自从我小时候开始我就对科学充满了兴趣,我最喜欢的书都是关于科学的。许多的新想法经常发是发自我的内心的,这些想法总能激励我。借助这些新的想法,我已经做了一些小的发明以使我的生活更加舒服。最后,我喜欢和不同的人交朋友,不管这些人来自哪里。我确信我能和他们相处地很好。
    如果您能给我这个机会,我会非常地感谢您。
    谢谢!
                                                            您的朋友
                                                              袁新



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